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Families of
Chippewa County

Edward St. Martin
Louisa (Kabidokwe) St. Martin

Edward St. Martin was an early settler of Chippewa county. He was born about 1814 in Canada. Edward was a riverman and pilot for the Chippewa Lumber Company, Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin. (Chippewa County Past and Present, Vol. II, p. 241)

Edward and Louisa brought four children into the world; Louise, Baptiste, Margaret and Peter. I was told that after Louisa (Kabidokwe) died (1855 - 1860), two of her children, Baptiste and Margaret, were placed with foster parents. In 1860, Baptists was living with the Isham family in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin. In 1860, Margaret St. Martin was living with the Scofield (Schofield) family, in Lafayette, Chippewa, Wisconsin.

When the children grew older, they lived near one another, in Sigel/Edson, Chippewa County, Wisconsin (1880 census).


Louise St. Martin married Caesar Beaudin. Caesar Beaudin and Louise St. Martin had eight children (Charles Edward, Ludger Caesar, Peter, Mary Louise, Agnes, Joseph, William and Matilda).

Charles, their first born, was born August 9, 1870. Ludger was killed in a car accident, when he was in his 80's (1955). Peter died in Portland, Oregon. Mary Louise died of carcinoma of the stomach and liver. Agnes died of arteriosclerotic heart disease. Joseph was killed in a horse and train accident, near Boyd, Wisconsin in his 30's (1927). William was a hard working man, was a laborer and worked at a paper mill. Matilda died of pneumonia when she was 13 years of age (1902).


Louise and Caesar Beaudin were married by Rev. Benedict Smeddinck, at Notre Dame Catholic Church (Notre Dame Des Chutes, St. Mary's of the Falls, Assumption B. M. V., St. Mary's Our Lady of the Pines), Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, on April 25, 1868. Abraham and Adeline Hebert were their witnesses. It is stated on Louise St. Martin Beaudin's (Boudia) Record of Interment at St. Joseph's Catholic Church, Boyd, Wisconsin, that she was born near Pike Lake, next to the Indian Reservation. An Indian camp was located in Anson, near the Yellow river. In 1866, smallpox killed many members of the tribe. I was told by Glen Beaudin, that Louise was an Ojibwe Indian and that she made moccasins and caps out of leather. Louise and her family lived in a hut by an Indian settlement near Pike Lake Road. Louise was a strong and dedicated mother. She walked miles to carry her sick daughter, Matilda, home from visiting her aunt, Margaret McKay. Matilda was sick with pneumonia and later died that night, at 13 years of age. Louise is buried, next to her daughter, Matilda, at St. Joseph's Catholic Cemetery, Boyd, Chippewa, Wisconsin. Glen also stated that after his grandfather, Caesar, died, William (Glen's father) went to a BIA Indian School, in Hayward, Wisconsin. In 1905, Louise was living with Ludger, Joseph and William, in Colburn, Chippewa, Wisconsin. The Toutant family was living near. Ludger married Anna Toutant on June 23, 1908, about 6 months after his mother, Louise, died.

I was told that Father Nau (pastor of St. Joseph's Church in 1894) changed the spelling of Beaudin to Boudia because Beaudin sounded too French.

On August 18, 1884, Caesar Boudin (Beaudin) and Louise Boudin (Beaudin) deeded property (1/4 acre) to the Town of Sigel, Chippewa County, Wisconsin, for the sum of $10.00. The "Little Red School House" was to be built on the donated land, County D and Pike Lake Road. Many of the Beaudin and Mercier children attended the "Little Red School House."

Ceasar is buried at St. Rose Of Lima Catholic Cemetery, Cadott, Chippewa, Wisconsin. His tombstone reads "Gone Home." Louise is buried at St. Joseph Catholic Cemetery, Boyd, Chippewa, Wisconsin.

The Beaudin family resided in towns or villages of Chippewa Falls, Colburn, Boyd, Edson, and Sigel, Wisconsin. The "old" Beaudin home was moved by the Mercier's onto their property, it still exists today as part of a barn.

Caesar Beaudin fought in the civil war (Union/Army) under General Ulysses S. Grant. Caesar enlisted on October 20, 1861 as a private in Company G of the 13th regiment of U.S. Inft., commanded by 1st Lieut William Griffin. Caesar was honorably discharged at Nashville, Tennessee on October 12, 1864. He returned home sick and wounded. While serving his country he was shot in the back, his hair had completely turned white and was unable to walk for 8 months, per Glen Beaudin, grandson to Caesar Beaudin, at his home in Cadott, Wisconsin, 2005.

Eleventh Census of the U.S. Special Schedule Surviving Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, and Widows, Etc. File Number M 233 roll 27.

Caesar Beaudin applied for an invalid pension on May 27, 1886. Application #574.724. Certificate #366.964. He was paid $18.00 per month for serving in the Civil War.

Louise applied for a widow's pension in 1892. Applicaton #538.438. Certificate #354.038.

Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 Record

Name: Caesar Bouden

State Filed: Wisconsin

Widow: Louise Bouden


Date of Birth between 1843 - 1847. Baptiste gives his date of birth as 15 Jan 1843 (Pension Record, dated May 3, 1904), however the 1860 census states that he is 12 years of age. (This would make his birth year 1847)

Date of Death, February 2, 1905, per Military Pension record dated December 6, 1905.

Date of Death, February 2, 1905, per document signed by Dan Homesky, who was the legal guardian for Baptiste's surviving minor children, dated April 15, 1908. Document states that Baptiste left a widow, Kabaiasaug, surviving him who died February 3, 1905. I don't know if Nawagiwebkwe and Kabaiasaug are the same person.

Date of Death, February 5, 1905, per Department Of The Interior (Departmental Findings Determining The Heirs Of Deceased Indians).

Date of Death, February 15, 1905 per Index and Heirship Card, B. I. A., Ashland, Wisconsin.

Baptiste married six times, three Indian women married by Indian custom, one Indian woman by ceremony and one white woman, Rose Donelson, in the Catholic Church, whom he married twice. Baptiste St. Martin married Elizabeth Neanakwadokwe, Rose Donelson (twice), Angeline Thomas, Bine and Nawagiwebekwe.

Makade (means "Black") Batis (Battise is Badis in the indian language) was Baptiste St. Martin's Chippewa name. Baptiste was a member of the LCO, Hayward, Sawyer, Wisconsin.

Baptiste St. Martin's land is currently tribally owned. In 1921 it was issued to his heirs in the tribe's name. On file is a Certificate of Competency file #DEL 420-21. Baptiste's heirs, Angeline Beauregard, Peter St. Martin and Joseph St. Martin sold the land to the tribe. The land is described as N/2 of SW/4, SEC 14 Township 39 N, Range 7 W 4th P.M., Wisconsin and restricted fee patent was issued October 1, 1894. 80 acres total (2 - 40 acre lots). The land was alloted and patented under the Treaty of September 30, 1854 (10 Stat. L 1109). Angeline has Ogimos Allotment from 6 interests, meaning she inherited this from someone other than her father, Bat.

Baptiste St. Martin enrolled with CO K, 30th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment, on August 9, 1862, at 19 (15) years of age. Baptiste served under Captain John Klatt. He was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, with an honorable discharge, on September 20, 1865. (If Baptiste was born in 1847 that would make him only 15 years of age when he enrolled)

In 1880, Baptiste St. Martin was serving 4 years, at the Wisconsin State Prison, Waupun, Dodge, Wisconsin, for 3rd degree manslaughter. Baptiste went to town to get a piece of farm equipment repaired. The blacksmith told him that it would take a few hours. Baptiste decided to visit the nearby bar and have a few drinks. Henry Mann was also drinking at the same bar Baptiste was partaking of alcohol. Henry tried to pick a fight with Baptiste, but Baptiste did not want to fight. Baptiste hit Henry in the head with an auger. Henry pushed Baptiste. Baptiste picked up a rock and hit Henry in the head. Henry fell unconcious. Several men carried Henry home, where he died four days later. Baptiste was arrested (he claimed self defence) and was sentenced to four years (Chippewa County Court Case 1160).


Some four or five weeks ago the Herald gave an account of a brutal assault made upon Mr. Henry Mann, the Miller at Cadotte Falls, by Baptiste St. Martin. The weapon used was an auger, and the skull of Mr. Mann was fractured. St. Martin was arrested immediately; and Mann placed in the care of good medical assistance. He seemed to be gaining right along, and last Saturday, felt well enough to ride down to this city -- a distance of fifteen miles. On the way home, he complained of being chilly, and fell off into a kind of comatose condition, from which he never rallied. At about four o'clock next morning, he was dead.

A post mortem examination was held on Sunday by Drs. R. W. Bradeen and S. S. Riddell, when it was found that the brain was inflamed, and that "death ensued from fracture of the frontal bone, causing softening and separation of the right anterior hemisphere of the brain."

St. Martin was re - arrested, and bound over to the Circuit Court on the charge of murder. His chances for a term in the State Prison are exceedingly encouraging. Chippewa Herald September 7, 1877


Margaret St. Martin married Robert Edward McKay, in 1868. They had eight children, of which three lived to adulthood; Anna, Eva and Robert Francis (Frank). I was told that one day, one of Margaret's babies stumbled into a bull pin. Margaret was able to save her child, but the bull gouged out one of her eyes. Margaret had also developed a severe case of diabetes.


Peter St. Martin married Mary Ann Murney (Murray), on 25 June 1878, in Lafayette, Chippewa, Wisconsin. Eight children were born to Peter and Mary Ann. Mary Elizabeth was married to Cyrus Marshall.


Man of 64 and a Girl of 14 Made Man and Wife at Cadott.

The Cadott Blade reports the following singular marriage: Last Saturday evening, October 14, 1893, Judge A. J. Lockwood united in the bounds of matrimony Mr. Sylus Marshall and Miss Mary E. St. Martin, both of the town of Sigel. The wedding ceremony was performed in the judge's office in the presence of the bride's mother and several others. The groom is 64 years old and the bride only 14, and until quite recently has been attending the village school. Chippewa Times, October 24, 1893

Peter Edward married Clara Nadeau. Peter's certificate of death states that he was living at 105 Eaton St., St. Paul, MN and that he resided in the state of MN for 50 years. Peter was a watchman. It also states that Peter was married to Clara Nadeau. Peter died at Ancker Hospital. James, born in 1882, Marium Estellam, born I 1885, Olive, attended Tomah Indian Industrial School, Susan attended the Tomah Indian School from 1900 - 1907. Susan was a nurse, stationed in France during WWl. Susie Thelma St. Martin applied for insurance in the amount of $10,00.00 on October 20, 1918.

Nellie, born in 1894 and Margaret (Maggie). I am not sure about the parents of Margaret.

I was told that after Peter died, Mary Ann and her remaining living children (Mary Elisabeth and Marium Estellam had died), Peter Edward, James and daughter, Maggie went to The Chippewa County Poor Farm to live. I believe Mary lived with her son, James, in St. Paul, Minnesota (1920 census for St. Paul, Ramsey, Minnesota). I do not know if Maggie was the daughter of Peter St. Martin.

Contributed by Clair Mercier Talyai


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